PVC pipe full form is Polyvinyl Chloride. It is a man-made plastic where stabilizers and other additives prevent degradation and gives the polymer the desired physical properties. PVC pipes were initially used in the sewage, and drainage applications since the 1950s. However, in the present, there are around two million miles and much more of PVC pipes in service.
PVC pipes are designed to resist oxidation and degradation. They are resistant to corrosion, scaling and microbial attack. The durability is relatively high in PVC pipe, meaning the lifespan of PVC pipes can be 50 years and longer if installed properly. Improper installation that includes poorly solvent joints or tree roots burrowing their way into the pipe connection can damage the PVC pipes and may cause failure.
The PVC pipes are strong, lightweight, resistant, and low-reactive. This makes them suitable for water distribution applications. PVC pipes have a maximum temperature threshold and are used for cold water lines.
PVC pipes do not wear, rot, or rust. They are resistant to fracture and have the ability to yield under loading without fracturing. PVC pipes are widely used for sanitary and underground plumbing.
PVC pipes are resistant to inorganic acids, alkalis, salts, and alcohols. They are used for transporting hazardous chemicals as they have high resistance to corrosion.